Few places are as well known for their coffee as Colombia. However, not all Colombian beans are the same; this is a large country full of diverse landscapes, from rainforests to mountain peaks, two coasts, and everything in between. And as the soil changes, so do much of the climate, harvest time, and more.
Considering what refers to the planting and harvesting of coffee with its seasons, in this blog we will explain when is the best time of the year to buy Colombian Coffee, based on the harvesting seasons.
It is convenient to clarify that the technical advances related to the most appropriate times for planting coffee are based on the distribution of rainfall, which is the key to planning the work in the cultivation and fermentation of coffee in Colombia.
With respect to the amount of rainfall and its distribution, which determine the dry and humid periods, the dynamics of the vegetative and the reproductivity growth of the coffee plant.
When planting in the recommended period, losses for the coffee grower are avoided.
The main coffee harvest in Colombia takes place between October and March, although, due to its geographical location Colombia has a great advantage since it is a tropical and extremely humid country making the conditions ideal for planting and harvesting coffee throughout the year.
In the north, central, and south-central zones of Colombia are the regions of southern Antioquia, Boyacá, Caldas, Chocó, Risaralda, Quindío, northern Valle del Cauca, Cundinamarca, and northern Tolima. The zones have two dry seasons and two wet seasons each year: the dry season runs from December to February and from June to September; the wet season runs from March to May and from September to November. This means two harvest seasons.
In this case, the regions of Tolima, Quindío, Risaralda, and Valle del Cauca are the ones where the main harvest takes place during the months of September and December, for the mitaca or the traviesa (harvest of secondary importance, in English it is known as fly crop) for the months of April and May.
According to the harvesting seasons of the cherries, it should be taken into account that the process is not yet finished, the coffee is wet processed to continue with the quality control, then there are periods of intermediation and finally the time of transportation.
Colombia's immense coffee industry offers a variety of distinctive and freshly harvested coffees throughout the year. But no matter where it is grown, Colombian coffee will always be in demand. And by understanding the differences between coffee-producing regions, you can be assured of always obtaining the best Colombian Coffee for your needs.